The English Aristocracy have given their names to a number of words widely used in the English speaking world and beyond.
The least well known is Fitzroy James Henry Somerset. As the youngest son he would not inherit his father’s Dukedom, but in 1852, after a life time’s service in the British Army he was raised to the peerage in his own right as 1st Baron Raglan. He had lost his arm at the battle of Waterloo in 1815. He had the shoulder part of his tunic cut out, both front and back, which accommodated his limbless shoulder, more comfortably. This cut out is still known as the Raglan sleeve.
Baron Raglan fought in the Crimean War with James Thomas Brudenell. This officer favoured a collarless sleeveless woolen vest, which he wore under dress uniform to keep out the cold of a Crimean winter. Brundenell was the 7th Earl of Cardigan. So is famous, not only for ordering «The charge of the Light Brigade» but also the cardigan, now with the addition of sleeves.
John Montague was an inveterate gambler. He loved playing cards so much so that he refused to leave the gaming tables to eat. Instead he had a servant bring him slices of roast beef between two pieces of toasted bread. Montague’s title was the 4th Earl of Sandwich (a town in Kent), and a culinary icon was born.
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