Why do people vary their words or expressions according to the situation and the people they’re with? Is it really that important? Well, if you want to get your message across, I suggest you do! Your choice of words can spell the difference between clearly understanding your message or not. This is where diction comes in. It is the style of speaking or writing dependent on someone’s choice of words.
There are four major types of diction. They are as follows:
Formal: words used in formal situations such delivering a report, giving press conferences, or communicating with someone in authority. For example, you may say, “I intend to peruse the book that I will be using in class.”
Informal: words and expressions we normally use in writing or talking to friends. For instance, you may say, “I’m going to the beach, so I can work on my tan.”
Colloquial: this refers to words common in everyday speech, but depends on the community or region you belong. Depending on the state in the US, you may refer to carbonated beverage as “soda”, “pop”, “soft drink”, and “Coke”.
Slang: these are words or expressions that are newly coined and sometimes impolite. Examples include: “creep” (a weird or unusual person) and “for real” (an expression that portrays honesty).
As you can see, your choice of words will vary depending on the people you’re with and the situation you’re in. Make sure you make the right choice and be able to convey the exact message you want to.
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