In the past I worked as an Engineering Technician in a Civil Engineering office. This involved creating technical drawings and inspecting bridges. I would like to share with you some vocabulary about bridges that is useful for everyone to know.
Concrete: this is a grey, rock-like material made with a grey powder called cement, different sizes of stone, and water. It is poured into an area and then hardens solid. Often bars of steel are added to it make it stronger and more flexible.
Steel: This material is a mixture of iron and carbon, and is very hard to bend. It’s often made in a factory and is a speedy way to build a structure.
Bricks: These are a rectangular hardened clay building material. They have a standard size and are often red or brown.
Blocks: Sometimes called breeze or concrete blocks, these are bigger than bricks and made of a type of concrete.
Arch: This is a half-circle shape in a bridge or above a door or window.
Beam: This is a long straight part of a bridge or building. It is placed between two supporting walls and helps carry something above it. It is usually made of concrete or steel.
Cables: These are steel ropes used to add more strength to structures. They can be used in groups to create one very strong cable for bridges.
Pier: This is a vertical tower which is built in water or land, and carries a bridge.
Now you have some new bridge and construction vocabulary. I want you to try to use them today. Describe a bridge or building near your home. See if you can use these words to do it.
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