Prefixes (parts of a word that are added before the word) can really change the meaning of a word. Today we’ll look at the prefixes «over» and «under» and see what new words they help create.
Underestimate / overestimate — недооценивать / переоценивать
I underestimated how much money I would need for this project. We’ve had to review our budget several times! We overestimated the number of guests and now we have too much food!
Oversleep — проспать
John forgot to set his alarm clock so of course he overslept!
Overeat — переедать
People often overeat during the holidays.
Underpay — платить недостаточно
I think you should find a new job. You are definitely underpaid in this company!
Overwork — работать слишком много
Many interns are overworked and stressed but they put up with it because they are hoping to get a good job.
Overdo — перестараться / переутомляться
After you leave the hospital, you may go back to your usual activities but try to overdo it.
Undercooked — недостаточно проваренно / прожаренно
I think the restaurant should not have included the chicken dish in our bill. After all, I had to return the chicken to the kitchen because it was undercooked. Everybody knows eating undercooked chicken is dangerous.
Overpriced — непомерно дорогой
A perfect example of something that is overpriced is airport food. They have all the same restaurants as in the city but you pay twice as much for the the same or even smaller portions.